That topology optimists will basically say to determine a construction's context from a set of prescribed rules. It can be understood as distributing material for the most optimal construction.
Topology optimization is based on advanced FEM (Finite Element Methods) used in structural analysis. By using FEM, the structure is divided into infinitely many small elements, giving a knowledge of the structure's response to a given influence. In topology optimization, it is assumed that the density (density) of the individual element may vary between 0 and 1, ie. from no material to solid material.